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Mwai Kibaki’s Achievements.

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This was no doubt one of the highlights of the Kibaki Presidency after 20 years of false starts. Having been defeated by the Orange team in his first quest in 2005 to give Kenya a new Constitution, Kibaki managed to get back in 2010 with another draft, which was the culmination of many parleys and a trying moment for him.

Free Primary Education

The National Rainbow Coalition (NARC) had used the promise of a free and compulsory primary school education (FPE) for all children as its campaign stunt. One of the challenges that faced the new Kibaki government was on the large number of children who had trooped into classrooms stretching the capacity of learning institutions to the limit.

Free Primary Education

From the onset, President Kibaki pledged to bring supplementary budget before Parliament that would release some Kshs2.8 billion to schools to take care of the extra expenditure. FPE saw close to two million children, who had dropped out of school due to lack of fees, enroll in public primary schools growing total enrolment from 6.1 million in 2002. By the time Kibaki left power, the number of children in primary schools had reached 8.6 million pupils in 20,306 public primary schools.

As a result, the Urbanization rate from primary to secondary rose from 47 per cent in 2002 to a high of 74 per cent in 2012.

Expansion of tax regime

The Kibaki regime also saw a reduction of Kenya’s dependence on western donor aid, with the country being increasingly funded by internally generated resources such as increased tax revenue collection. When he came into office in 2002, Kenya’s annual tax revenues were in the region of Kshs 250 billion a year. When he went into retirement in 2013, the Kenya Revenue Authority was collecting over Kshs 900 billion a year. .

Kibaki took personal initiative in giving awards to top taxpayers and he helped in revamping the Kenya Revenue Authority and this tremendous increase in tax revenue enabled the government to finance key projects in crucial sectors, among them education, health, transport, water and irrigation, energy, communication and agriculture. On these key priority areas alone, the Government spent about Kshs3 trillion since 2003.

Women and Youth Funds

Kibaki also started the Women Enterprise Fund and the Youth Enterprise Fund and urged parastatals and learning institutions to support budding Women and youth enterprises by giving them business.

Established in 2007, the WEF started to provide Wholesome financial solutions to the challenges that Women have faced over the years in starting and growing their business.

Women are given subsidized loans to start or expand existing business at annual interest rates of eight per cent from financial intermediary partners on a reducing balance. To date, at least 645,825 Women have accessed the fund’s loans since its inception.

The youth fund was mooted in 2006 and has disbursed more than Kshs6.5 billion to 160,000 youth enterprises. Some Kshs750 million was disbursed through constituency loans and Kshs5.8 billion through financial intermediaries. The YEF has offered training to over 200,000 youth in entrepreneurship in collaboration with other partners. The Fund has also supported 1,800 youth to market their products through local as well as international trade fairs.

Revitalization of agriculture

Revitalization of agriculture

After he got to power, President Kibaki promised to empower the farmers and expand the farming acreage. His other pet project was opening up of failed irrigation schemes and the mechanization of agriculture.

He said: “We cannot continue applying farming methods of the 1900s in today’s world, when our population has moved from 9 million people to the current 40 million, while we have not gotten a single acre of land added to our physical land size.“

The Mwai Kibaki government rehabilitated and expanded irrigation schemes such as Bura, Hola, West Kano, Mwea, Nzoia, Ahero and Katilu. This increased area under irrigation from 119,200 hectares to 151,800 hectares. In addition, new schemes were opened up in the Yala swamp, Katilu and Lokubae in Turkana, Kibwezi, Masinga, Kiambere, among others.

The promotion of agro-based industries and agricultural exports became one of his pet projects. Despite difficulties of drought, and increased global fuel prices, the Kibaki government managed to put agriculture as a driver of the national economy.

In 2003, the number of people Who Were living below the absolute poverty lines of one dollar a day and were food insecure because they could not have access to one full meal a day was 56 per cent and 52 per cent respectively. By the time he left power, these numbers had declined to 46 per cent and 36 per cent respectively.

The budgetary allocation to agriculture ministry steadily increased from Kshs14 billion in 2002 to Kshs104 billion in 2012. The additional budgetary allocation was utilized to improve access to inputs, such as fertilizers and seeds, expansion of irrigation and post-harvest crop management.

There was also a marked increase in export earnings. Tea, for instance, rose to about Kshs110 billion in 2012 up from Kshs33 billion in 2003. The area under tea also increased from 131,500 hectares in 2003 to 187,855 hectares in 2011 while production increased from 293,700 metric tons in 2003 to 377,900 metric tons in 2011, an increase of 42 and 29 per cent respectively. The value of coffee exports also increased from Kshs12 billion to Kshs22 billion. The government also injected Kshs6.4 billion to cushion farmers against the non-performing loans, Kshs2.5 billion for Coffee Development Fund, and the revival of the Coffee Board of Kenya, and Coffee Research Foundation.

During Kibaki’s tenure, the annual production of maize increased from 30 to 37 million 90kg bags.

The liberalization of the marketing of agricultural inputs and outputs in the country presented a great challenge to the farmers in marketing their produce. The government started a programme which enabled farmers to access affordable inputs through a subsidy approach and provision of market information. Through this programme, over 500,000 farmers were reached and Kshs2.18 billion worth of credit disbursed to 47,403 farmers and agro dealers.

Following escalating international fertilizer prices in 2008, the government intervened by venturing into bulk procurement and then selling the same to farmers at subsidised prices. The government started the Leather Development Council in 2010 to oversee trade in hides, skins, leather and leather-goods. Income from hides, skins and semi-processed leather increased from Kshs 2.4 billion to Kshs7.2 billion.

Constituency Development Fund

The idea of the Constituency Development Fund was implemented in 2003 after Kibaki took power. The CDF became an avenue to disburse funds to the grassroots and to every Constituency. Between 2003 and 2012, over Kshs120 billion was disbursed with far reaching implications.

Through the CDF programme, many health centres, schools, bore-holes and many other development projects were put in place.

Information Communications Technology ;

Of late, and during the Kibaki presidency, Information Communications Technology (ICT) has become one of the major drivers of the Kenyan economy. The sector experienced fundamental changes taking advantage of the liberalization in 2000. This resulted in tremendous growth both within the sector and other sectors of the economy, as depicted by the evolution of important sector indicators throughout this period.

During the Kibaki presidency, Kenya emerged as a regional and global ICT powerhouse. A combination of innovation, effective regulation and massive investment by the public and private sectors led to the rapid growth of mobile telephony as well as internet use.

About 30 million Kenyans are using mobile phones, with close to 89 per cent of the population having access to mobile telephony. Mobile money transfer service, especially Safaricom’s M-PESA continued to play a significant role in the country by ensuring seamless transfer of money, mobile payments, among other transactions. The number of mobile money transfer subscribers is today over 17 million transacting close to Kshs3 billion daily through their mobile phones. This has made Kenya the number one mobile telephone money transfer country in the world.

The country is currently served by four mobile telephony network operators – Airtel, Safaricom Limited, ESSAR Networks and Telkom Kenya-Orange. More than 14 million had access to the Internet as at the end of last year from less than three million mobile phone subscribers and 250,000 who had access to the Internet in 2003.

The landing of fibre-optic under- sea cables project in Mombasa was a landmark project. This provided Kenyans with equal and open access to inexpensive bandwidth, removing the international infrastructure bottleneck and reducing prices by over 300 per cent.

Infrastructure development ;

President Kibaki is best remembered for the infrastructure development that he initiated in the country. To get the economy back on its track, Kibaki’s government embarked on an ambitious infrastructure upgrade program unheralded in Kenya’s history.

Transport and communication

 

  • Roads

 

Since 2005 the government has been implementing the Roads 2000 Programme which has improved more than 7,000 kilometres rural roads, generated about 4.7 million person days of employment, trained 5,600 contractors and spent more than Sh1 billion in rural parts of Kenya according to the Ministry of Roads.

The 50.4km Thika Road modification into a super highway cost the country Sh31 billion.

Budget for road maintenance and upgrading programmes has been scaled up from Sh90 billion in the 2008/09 financial year to Sh125 billion in the 2012/2013 financial year.

Construction of the section of the road from Turbi to Moyale has started. Rehabilitation work of the Athi River-Namanga section of the Athi-River-Namanga-Arusha Road to modern specifications has been completed.

Repairs and upgrading of the Kisumu-Kakamega-Webuye-Kitale Road is ongoing at more than Sh10 billion while plans are at advanced stage to upgrade the Endebbes-Suam road.

Rehabilitation of the Mau Summit – Kericho – Nyamasaria – Kisumu road including the Kisumu bypass at a cost of more than Sh20 billion is ongoing and the construction of the Dongo Kundu bypass in Mombasa will start this year at a cost of Sh35 billion.

Rail

The President launched railway services under the Nairobi Commuter Rail Services Project at Syokimau on November 13. This is the first railway extension and railway station to be built in Kenya in the last 80 years.

“The commencement of commuter rail services in Nairobi and development of a modern railway station here at Syokimau will provide safe, reliable, comfortable and affordable rail transport services for city residents and visitors,” said President Kibaki during its launch.

Imara Daima and Makadara railway stations are currently under construction.

Commuter rail transport will provide inter-modal transit services for motorists and after the entire project is complete, passengers arriving by air at Jomo Kenyatta International Airport, those arriving by road from Mombasa, Tanzania and the outlying counties will be able to access Nairobi by modern commuter trains.

The construction of a standard gauge railway from Mombasa to Nairobi at a cost of Sh340 billion is set to start this year. Upgrade of the old railway line between Mombasa and Malaba being run by Rift Valley Railways is currently going on.

Air

February 2, 2012 – Kibaki opens the expanded Kisumu International Airport whose first phase was implemented at a cost of about Sh3 billion. Construction of a new terminal at Jomo Kenyatta International Airport is ongoing.

Sea

August 2012 – Dredging of the Mombasa port is completed and construction of a one-kilometre second container terminal which will cost an estimated Sh30 billion starts.

Construction on the second port, as part of the Lamu Port – South Sudan -Ethiopia Transport Corridor is underway

 

Revival of stalled projects

When the Uchumi Supermarkets collapsed, all eyes turned on the government to revive it. By that time, the chain was steeped in debt, was delisted from the Nairobi Stock Exchange (now the Nairobi Securities Exchange) and had numerous court cases. The government appointed a new management to help turn around the supermarket and at that time Uchumi was out of debt and was posting profits continuously for the 6th year running. Its share has been relisted and is currently trading at an average of Kshs. 18 up from its initial relisting amount of Kshs. 14.

Another company revived under the Kibaki government was the giant Kenya Cooperative Creameries in 2003 as New KCC. The revival assured the market of stable milk prices for dairy farmers country-wide. As a result, the price of milk increased from Kshs. 7 to Kshs. 20 per litre. Because of this price stabilization, milk production has increased tremendously and Kenya had a surplus that allowed it to sell milk to other eastern African nations.

The revival of the Kenya Meat Commission after the government injected about Kshs. 400 million was a boost to the livestock industry. KMC has had its ups and downs but it remains an important outlet for marketing of livestock products. In addition, satellite abattoirs have been established as a way of improving the welfare of pastoral areas.

The National Accord and Reconciliation Act 2008 provided for power-sharing, with Kibaki remaining President and Raila Odinga taking a newly re-created post of Prime Minister. On April 17, 2008, Raila Odinga was sworn in as Prime Minister, along with a power-sharing Cabinet, with 42 ministers and 50 assistant ministers, Kenya’s largest ever.

The National Accord and Reconciliation Act 2008 provided for power-sharing, with Kibaki remaining President and Raila Odinga taking a newly re-created post of Prime Minister. On April 17, 2008, Raila Odinga was sworn in as Prime Minister, along with a power-sharing Cabinet, with 42 ministers and 50 assistant ministers, Kenya’s largest ever.

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Sir Daniel Omondi Is an Entrepreneur | Web/Blog Designer | Passionate Blogger in Personal Development, Politics and Entertainment | Passionate Deejay. Am competing with my best abilities; So should you. In determining your talent(s) you have to have a vast variety of abilities.

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